‘Eat Me’ is a poem by Patience Agbabi which looks at the idea of a ‘feeder’ role within a relationship, using an unusual structure of tercet stanzas and a notable semantic field. Agbabi is a performance poet with Nigerian ancestry, who was born in London, and fostered by a Welsh family. Her work often focuses on the idea of an outsider or differences between people, which is evident in ‘Eat Me’, with key themes including Transgression and Taboo, Power, and Gender. In 2017 she was elected as a Fellow at the Royal Society of Literature, with past and present members including Samuel Taylor Coleridge and J.K. Rowling.
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This poem is part of the set of prescribed poems that could be included in the Edexcel English Literature exam, meaning that it is important to study, understand and revise this poem. Click here to see all the prescribed poems from the ‘Poems of the Decade’ collection.
Interpreture gives ‘Eat Me’ a difficulty rating of 3, meaning that it is deemed to be of average difficulty. The difficulty is spread relatively evenly throughout the different aspects of the poem, with the potential of challenging techniques being partially outweighed by the variety of devices, making analysis relatively easy in an exam situation.
The title is relatively ambiguous at first, however it can still offer a variety of interpretations. Firstly, it is typically stylised in capital letters, which can be seen as signifying the growth of the woman throughout the poem as a result of the constant feeding. While there can be a physical interpretation, there is also the notable metaphysical interpretation with the idea that the man is mentally devouring her spirituality. It is also interesting to consider the way that the narrator could be seen as encouraging this behaviour with the use of “me”.
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The very rigid form of the poem helps to represent the strict regime imposed by the feeder, and how it has become commonplace. There are a total of ten tercet stanzas, which adds to the overall regimented mood. In addition, there is assonance between thefinal words on the first and third lines of each stanza, such as “cake” and “weight”, with an alternative form of assonance in each linewhich breaks from the traditional idea of using rhyme. This is a very interesting rhyme scheme for a reader because it enables variety of language while still maintaining a sense of conformity and expectations, potentially echoing the expectations of the feeder.
Even more interesting is the use of consonance on each corresponding line, for example the first line of each stanza has the “k” sound, “d” on the second and “t” on the third. The only point in which this is broken in the poem is at the end of stanza six, but even this is largely negated by the fact that the next word is “too” so therefore continues the overall consonance. These strong sounds once again evoke ideas of force and control, showing how important this is to the poem.
There are also consistent end-stopped lines on the final line of each stanza (although again with the exception of stanza six), which reinforce the idea of routine and consistency. However, there is also a slight break in this structure too with the final two lines of the last stanza both ending with full stops, which signifies the death of the man, and by extension, the relationship. This helps to make the poem more dramatic, and also bring a sense of unease to the reader through the way in which the expected pattern and rhythm has been disrupted.
Various poetic devices are used throughout ‘Eat Me’, one of the more common ones being alliteration. A key example is “bigger the better” and “broad belly wobble”, both of whichhelp toreaffirm the idea of obesity and being overweight, and even have a ‘wobbly’ nature to the sound. This is further emphasised through the repetition of ‘fat’ throughout the poem, helping to ensure that this idea is never far from the reader’s thoughts, particularly in the seventh stanza.The forceful yet resentful tone of this stanza is particularly noticeable because of the way that the pace is increased.
There is also the use of possessive language, such as “his” or even further objectification through the likening to objects, such as “his jacuzzi”. This would help to make the descriptions much more emotive for a reader who would recognise the strong objectification and mistreatment, therefore developing much more sympathy for the narrator. This in turn creates a strange mix of emotions by the end of the poem with the murder of the feeder, with readers potentially feeling happy that the woman has been freed but conflicted over the means of this escape.
Ideas and imagery regarding water and oceans are also commonplace throughout the poem, withthe semantic field including examples such as “shipwreck” “beached whale” and “tidal wave of flesh”. This is a very effective technique because it connects the idea of fat and cellulite with oceans and waves, and through their association with expanse and depth helps to show how overweight the woman has become. It alsocan be interpreted as representing a ‘hidden’ power which the woman has, and isn’t appreciated by the man until he is “drowned” at the end of the poem.
“I like big girls, soft girls”
The objectification in this line shows how much the man is using the woman for his pleasure, not for hers. The only focus is on what he wants and likes, without any regard for the woman. The repetition of “girls” can also be seen as patronising the woman, and can also be seen as showing her vulnerability by likening her more to a child than to an adult.
“my only pleasure the rush of fast food”
By emphasising the “rush”, it is clear that any pleasure the woman receives is short lived, with all the focus being on the man and with her needs not fully catered for. The alliteration of “fast food” helps to show the importance of this line to the poem, and also shows how unhealthy this relationship is, both in terms of the physical food being eaten and the mental appreciation between the two. Some may also interpret the line as representing an unhealthy addiction, both to the food and to the relationship.
“There was nothing else left in the house to eat.”
‘Eat Me’ends on an ambiguous, and arguably sinister, line. There is a strong sense of uncertainty, as the feeder has now made the ultimate sacrifice of himself in order to feed the woman,most likely through the idea of consumption rather than actual cannibalism. It also marks the point at which the woman now has to provide for herself, and raises questions for the reader such as whether she will now be able to have a healthy relationship or lifestyle without being overfed.
‘Eat Me’ Key Themes
- Power:Throughout ‘Eat Me’ the idea of power is very important because it is fundamental to the ‘feeder’ relationship. Without this power it wouldn’t be able to operate, and theobjectification and possession would not be able to take place.
- Gender:This is very important to the poem and focusses on the idea of a man overpowering a woman in order to continue with his control over her,however this is reversed by the end of the poem. Also, the discussion of the idea of body imagery is solely based on the female rather than the male, which can be seen as reflecting the stereotypical societal attitude towards this subject.
- Transgression and Taboo:The idea of a ‘feeder’ role within a relationship isvery much linked to sexual ideas, and that someone could have strong control over another person’s life. This isn’t talked about much within society and is typically avoided due to people’s discomfort with discussing things of this nature. There is also the idea of discussion of the female body, particularly in this rather grotesque way.
- How doesthe structure of the poem help communicate meaning to a reader?
- In what ways is the idea and theme of power presented?
- How effective is Agbabi’s use of imagery, specifically in relation to the way in which size and scale are described? Consider the impact on a reader.
‘Eat Me’ is a very interesting poem with its wide variety of techniques, and also forms many interesting links with others in the ‘Poems of the Decade’ collection. For example, the strict structure can be likened to ‘Look We Have Coming to Dover!’ along with the idea of waves and water, or the theme of transgression with ‘The Lammas Hireling’ or ‘The Deliverer’. The ambiguous ending also helps to make the poem more interesting due to the potential for various interpretations, also helping to identify links and contrasts; particularly for evaluative points.
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'Eat Me' by Patience Agbabi tells the story of an incredibly unhealthy relationship based around control, one-sided lust, and food. The poem takes the reader through the life of an unnamed female speaker who is constantly being fed by her partner. He wants nothing more than for her to grow as large as possible.
This poem is a dramatic monologue. Though the speaker uses the first-person pronoun throughout, she isn't the poet herself. Instead, the speaker is a voice for the many women who get trapped in abusive relationships.
'Eat Me' Key Themes
Power: Throughout 'Eat Me' the idea of power is very important because it is fundamental to the 'feeder' relationship. Without this power it wouldn't be able to operate, and the objectification and possession would not be able to take place.
Agbabi uses the relationship between the feeder and feedee to explore issues of gender and power. The poem has a very strong structure made up of 10 tercets (stanzas of 3 lines). There is consistent use of half rhyme which suggests uncertainty in her life. Agbabi rhymes words such as 'cake' and 'weight'.
Effects by Alan Jenkins explores the poet's memories of his mother as, after she has died, he holds her hand and waits to receive her belongings. There is a deep sense of regret throughout the poem, with Jenkins wishing he had done more to connect with his mother while she was alive.
“An Easy Passage” follows a teenage girl's precarious climb as she tries to sneak back into her house, contrasting her exciting and perilous struggle with the monotonous routines of adulthood. The girl might be in danger of getting hurt or in trouble, but she's also exploring her sense of agency and pushing boundaries.
'Material' by Ros Barber is an amusing, moving, and clever poem that speaks on the past and tradition through the symbol of a handkerchief. The poem takes the reader through the speaker's youth and delves into her mother's love of handkerchiefs. She always kept them on her person, usually up in her sleeves.
'A Minor Role' by U.A. Fanthorpe is a reflection on the role the poet has been forced to play within society due to her illness. There is a fine line between the life the poet wants and the one she has, and this is explored through the constantly changing narrative directions of the poem.
'Chainsaw Versus the Pampas Grass' is a poem by Simon Armitage which considers the relationship between man made, physical objects, with nature and the natural world, specifically using the symbolism of a chainsaw to show man's interaction.
The guilt may not be about the killing itself, but the speaker's possible homosexual feelings towards the hireling. Where allusion appears in the poem: Lines 11-18: “I knew him a warlock, a cow with leather horns. / To go into the hare gets you muckle sorrow, / the wisdom runs, muckle care.
Within 'From the Journal of a Disappointed Man' Motion explores themes of labor, the purpose (or futility) of life, and manhood. The mood is contemplative and calm as the speaker describes the men, their actions, and the pier they are building.
Summary. 'The Deliverer' by Tishani Doshi speaks on the prevalence of female infanticide in rural India and the lives of the women who help to commit it.
Paterson uses the story as an allegory to give insight into the complexity of human relationships and their different stages from initial formation to their demise. It is significant that the trees in both stanzas survive the ordeal, which implies Paterson's alluding to human resilience.
Within 'History' Burnside explores themes of war, loss, and human nature. The mood is solemn throughout with a few more peaceful and wistful sections woven in. Even when the mood lightens and the speaker depicts a scene that is more peaceful, it is never without the presence of darkness.
Within ‘Eat Me’ Agbabi explores themes of abuse, control, and revenge. The tone is at times withdrawn, and submissive, and later on, resolved and
‘Eat Me’ by Patience Agbabi is a ten stanza poem that’s separated into sets of three lines, known as tercets .. Agbabi also makes use of anaphora, or the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of multiple lines, usually in succession.. Each of these lines begins with the words “too fat to”.. For instance, the transitions between lines two and three of stanza two and between lines two and three of stanza four.. In the first stanza of ‘Eat Me’ the speaker begins the story of her life with a man.. He goes unnamed throughout the poem, only referred to as “he” and described through his control of her.. She knew the damage that was being done to her body, but at this time eating was her only pleasure.
'The Gun' is a poem by Vicki Feaver which explores the concept of power through the use destructive hunting imagery, emphasised by structural techniques.
‘The Gun’ is a poem by Vicki Feaver which explores the concept of power through the use of destructive hunting imagery.. Feaver is a highly acclaimed poet who frequently uses objects from everyday life in her poems to present key ideas and themes, and this poem is no different.. The single line, “A gun brings a house alive.” is inserted into the poem before the last stanza, which is an effective placement because it helps to ensure that a reader questions the use of guns, and the violent descriptions which are being shared.. In addition, the reference to change in the opening two lines could be seen as supported by the ever-changing line length and stanza length throughout the poem, with this variance showing the action and changes that occur as a result of the use of guns.. The use of colons, such as “the cooking: jointing” in the final stanza, acts as a strong caesura and ‘jars’ the poem’s flow and rhythm, which could be interpreted as showing the unnatural impact that guns and killing has on the world.. A notable example of enjambment is used in the first two lines, with the split of the line between “house” and “changes” immediately drawing the eye and opening the poem with an unnatural break.. The almost challenging way in which this line is presented emphasises the bold statement, and helps a reader to appreciate the serious tone of the poem.. The semantic field of death and guns works simultaneously with specific sounds to help reinforce the destructive imagery and highlight the power of guns.. Many poems in the Poems of the Decade anthology focus on a first person narrative, but ‘The Gun’ breaks this pattern with a much stronger use of “you” with their own inclusion only in the very last stanza.. The mix of the idea of royalty also gives an interesting twist to the poem, perhaps encouraging a reader to consider the social aspects and how the rich and powerful are more advantaged.. Gender: Guns are typically seen as a more masculine idea and associated with traditionally masculine ideas, so this presentation in contrast against feminine imagery could be seen as showing conflict between genders.. What is the significance of the final line of ‘The Gun’ and how could this compare to the final line of other poems in the Poems of the Decade anthology ?. The dramatic imagery makes the poem exciting and interesting for a reader, particularly with the curious links between houses, nature and relationships.. On a surface reading the poem may also seem quite simplistic, but a huge range of different individual lines can be analysed for how they shape a readers interpretation of the poem, making this a great poem to use for comparison on a number of themes or topics.. Posted in Poems of the Decade Tagged with Conflict , Edexcel , English , English Literature , Gender , Poems of the Decade , Power , The Gun Poem , Vicki Feaver
'Effects' is a poem by Alan Jenkins which explores the idea of loss and the lasting impact and effects it can have, both physically and emotionally.
‘Effects’ is a poem by Alan Jenkins which explores the idea of loss, and the lasting impact it can have on an individual both physically and emotionally.. The title is a somewhat informative choice because it has connotations of change, development and impact.. Some readers may also feel a sense of confusion from the poem due to the wide range of descriptions, which would be further emphasised by the lack of consistent rhyme scheme.. As such, a reader is likely to have a much more emotional connection with the poem, making it more memorable and effective.. Similarly, adjectives and verbs play an important role in the poem so as to further emphasise the descriptive and story-like nature of the poem.. The idea of something being “always scarred” is also emotive, and while it is given a greater sense of normality on the next line by being linked to work in the kitchen preparing meals, it still would show the sense of sacrifice which the mother has made in order to help provide for others.. This emphasises the sense of loss and the negative ways in which a death can impact an individual, perhaps indicating a similar reaction for the narrator by the end of the poem.. It could be very emotional for readers who may have had similar experiences, enabling them to strongly emphasise with the descriptions.. How could this make ‘Effects’ more or less effective for a reader?
'Inheritance' by Irish poet Eavan Boland explores ideas surrounding inheritance and what is passed on to new generations, whether items or knowledge.
They are likely to correctly assume that the poem deals with the subject of inheritance, but the lack of additional detail provided encourages a reader to begin to think with the same mindset that the poem explores – specifically the concept of what can be inherited?. This idea is supported by the opening line of the poem, which helps the reader continue this thought process with the initial confirmation, and is likely to make them more receptive to ideas in the rest of the poem.. This helps to show a very varied rhythm and pace because of the somewhat confusing contribution to the layout of the poem, encouraging a reader to feel confusion, but also recognise that this varied layout and structure can be seen as showing the varied way in which society, culture and parents all pass on different things as part of an inheritance.. Working in conjunction with the varied line length technique is enjambment and varied stanza lengths, which are also very important for creating an uneven structure and rhythm that demonstrates the varied nature of life and inheritances.. In any other poem this would be the key factor which makes it feel varied, but the shifts in line length overshadows these changes, so it acts as a supporting factor rather than a defining factor.. The lack of rhyme scheme in this poem can be interpreted as demonstrating a lack of control and ownership, making a reader feel powerless to spot patterns in the text, and therefore mirroring the ideas of inherited items and knowledge often being uncontrollable, or at least unpredictable.. The use of pronouns and determiners is a key part of this poem because it helps to show personal connections and experiences, highlighting their importance to the concept of inheritance.. Identity: The theme of identity is very important, as this is the idea that ‘Inheritance’ is built around, both in terms of the poem and also the concept itself within society.. The ideas explored in this poem link well to others such as ‘Effects’ and ‘Out of the Bag’ in terms of passing on ideas, but also ‘You, Shiva and My Mum’ and ‘The Fox in the National Museum of Wales’ for the idea of sharing context and culture.. Posted in Poems of the Decade Tagged with Eavan Boland , Edexcel , English , English Literature , Gender , Identity , Inheritance Poem , Poems of the Decade , Society and Culture
'A Minor Role' is a poem by UA Fanthorpe which explores the concept of an individual's place in society and the way that illness can affect it.
All of these questions and potential answers will help to create a variety of scenarios and ideas in a reader’s imagination, which would be very effective at encouraging a reader to potentially approach the poem with a more open mind as to what the subject matter may be.. In addition, a reader could consider a more philosophical viewpoint to the idea of a ‘role’, which would particularly be the case if the title is being reflected on after a reader has completed reading the poem.. This would be a very effective outcome for the poem, as it would make ‘A Minor Role’ more memorable and encourage a reader to develop empathy for the narrator.. The single final line of the poem is very striking, due to the way it draws a readers attention when the poem is first viewed.. The separation from the rest of the poem even draws a readers attention to it before they may even have started reading the rest of the poem, which if the case would be highly effective at making a reader consider the rest of the poem with a deeper meaning.. This creates a sense of certainty and precision which is juxtaposed with the irregular and varied structure, with this sense of ‘conflict’ between language and structure encouraging a reader to consider the way in which the narrator is attempting to exert power and influence, while at the same time conforming to the irregular structure and unpredictability of the pace and rhythm.. Identity: There are a range of hints and allusions to the loss of identity within ‘A Minor Role’, in particular the idea of saying thank you for “anything” and the way in which the medical semantic field consumes the poem.. ‘A Minor Role’ is a poem which may have limited initial connections to other poems within the ‘Poems of the Decade’ anthology , however on greater consideration there are still a variety of links that can be made.. One of the most important aspects of the poem to consider is the effect it has on a reader, particularly for the idea communicated in the final line of the poem and how the rest of the structure and language can be interpreted as leading to and supporting this statement, with other poems that have notable conclusions such as ‘The Lammas Hireling’ , ‘The Gun’ or ‘On Her Blindness’ .. Posted in Poems of the Decade Tagged with A Minor Role Poem , Edexcel , English , English Literature , Identity , Poems of the Decade , Power , UA Fanthorpe
'Talking in Bed' is a poem by Philip Larkin. The poem takes the everyday occurrence and then explores a whole range of thoughts and emotions.
Like fellow ‘Love Through the Ages’ collection poet Elizabeth Jennings, Larkin worked as a librarian for much of his life.. Alternatively, readers may begin to think for themselves what could be different about ‘Talking in Bed’ for there to be a poem written about it, which is particularly likely for those familiar with Larkin’s other work.. ‘Talking in Bed’ in many ways is a typical poem by Larkin, in that an everyday idea or concept is explored so as to better understand its overall meaning, particularly in relation to society and individual lives.. The pathetic fallacy of describing the wind as in “unrest” is particularly effective due to the link of ‘resting’ to the title of the poem, indicating to the reader that these negative descriptions of the environment is a reflection of the unhappiness being experienced in this relationship.. A reader may also find it interesting that the enjambment follows an arguably confusing line, one that is almost oxymoronic, further emphasising the difficulty in dealing with this situation.. This poem effectively examines the way in which a normal, everyday occurrence can reflect difficulties in a relationship, with simple ideas such as silence and double meanings helping to show a reader how relationships can become strained.. Consider the use of language in the opening line of ‘Talking in Bed’.
'Material' is a poem by Ros Barber and considers the idea of childhood and transitions to adulthood, with nostalgia for a less consumer-driven world.
‘Material’ is a poem by Ros Barber which considers the transition between childhood and adulthood, and the narrator’s nostalgia for a less consumer-driven world through the description of a traditional handkerchief.. It is also interesting to note how the title links directly to the end of the poem, helping to make the poem come together as one and act as a key reminder of the poem’s message.. The four syllables of ‘Material’ also help to lengthen the title in speech but not in its presence on the page, which is interesting for a reader because it could be seem as symbolic of the deeper ideas presented in the poem.. In addition, all of the first lines of the three final stanzas are only one line, with the lengthened pause creating a tone of consideration and reflection which is not as apparent earlier on in the poem.. This is very effective for the final two lines of the poem, because it helps to act as a visual reference for a reader in order to remember the message of the poem more successfully, with the reference to “daughter” making the poem end on a very sentimental note.. The use of symbolism means that readers can associate their own experiences and ideas with the poem, helping to make the technique and poem as a whole much more memorable and effective.. Many references are very descriptive, with the imagery presented to a reader making them feel that they are almost that person and able to remember these occasions, which is very helpful in making a reader empathise with the narrator.. An object usually disregarded is given new significance in this line, with the alliteration of “hidden history” identifying the importance that an object so simple (and family heirlooms and possessions in general) have had over generations.. Some readers may interpret this line as also alluding to the idea of tradition, noticing how the tradition and significance of many possessions such handkerchiefs have been diminished in recent years.. It becomes apparent in the final stanza of ‘Material’ that the ideas of consumerism that are present throughout the poem are just the surface level of emotions that the narrator has, shown through the sadness in relation to the death of their mother.. How does the structure of ‘Material’ contribute to a reader’s interpretation?. It can be slightly more challenging to pick out specific language devices that are suitable for comparison to other poems in the anthology due to an overall lack of them, which could make answering an essay question on this poem more difficult.
Within ‘Material’ Ros Barber takes a caring, gentle, and personal tone to craft a poem that speaks on themes of aging, the past, the present, and
The first five contain eight lines, the sixth stanza: nine and stanzas seven and eight: seven lines and the eighth stanza has eight lines once more.. In the case of ‘material,’ the hanky is at times described as having human emotions, such as in stanza two lines seven: “where dried-up hankies fell in love”.. For example, line eight of the first stanza “she’d have one, always, up her sleeve” and line six of the sixth stanza: “step-together, point!. My mother was a hanky queen. when hanky meant a thing of cloth,. (…). when hankies were material. she’d have one, always, up her sleeve.. In the first stanza of ‘Material’, the speaker begins by referring to her mother as a “hanky queen”.. In the next stanza of ‘Material’, the speaker explains how her mother often kept hankies up the sleeves of her sweaters.. The speaker draws a line between her mother and herself in the third stanza by saying that her mother “bought her own” but the speaker never needed to.
How to Analyze a Poem? First step in analyzing a poem is reading. Read the poem at least twice. As you read, jot down your first impressions, memories..
But if you know how to analyze a poem properly, you’ll start loving new poems.. Read the poem at least twice .. You should also look at the title of the poem.. What do you imagine the poem to be about when you first read the title?. Remember if the literal meaning of the poem is not at all related to the title, we can guess that the title hints at the hidden meaning of the poem.. Remember that the narrator of the poem is not always the poet.. Look at the form of the poem; what form does the poem take?. When you analyze all the above said features in a poem, you can ask yourself the question what is the main intention of the poem?. What does he want to convey through the poem?. This is the theme of the poem.. First, let’s look at the title of the poem ‘London’.. Nowhere in the content of the poem we see the location of this place, it is only the title that says the poem is about London.. The following section looks at the summary of the poem stanza by stanza.. What are the striking words in the poem?. (manacles, weak, woe, blood, sigh, cry, curse, charter’d)
Hughes included 'Hawk Roosting' in his second book of poetry called Lupercal, which was published in 1960. Hughes was met with almost instant acclaim in
Hughes included ‘ Hawk Roosting’ in his second book of poetry called Lupercal, which was published in 1960.. Hughes was met with almost instant acclaim in 1957 after his first book of poetry, ‘The Hawk in the Rain’, was published; it catapulted Hughes into the spotlight.. ‘Hawk Roosting’ is written as a dramatic monologue and is told from the point of view of a hawk.. In the second stanza, the hawk conveys to his reader how easy and convenient his life is.. In this stanza, the hawk is announcing his perfection to his reader.. The fourth stanza does not end neatly; again, Hughes carries the thoughts of the hawk into the fifth stanza.. In ‘Hawk Roosting’ , one can easily compare the hawk to a human, unarguably the most powerful and resourceful being on the planet.
‘Chainsaw Versus the Pampas Grass’ was first published in the poet’s 2002 collection The Universal Home Doctor. Within this piece, Armitage delvers into
‘Chainsaw Versus the Pampas Grass’ was first published in the poet’s 2002 collection The Universal Home Doctor.. ‘ Chainsaw Versus the Pampas Grass ’ by Simon Armitage is an amusing depiction of one man’s violent, and doomed to fail, battle with nature.. The poem begins with the speaker going into detail about a chainsaw.. Armitage makes use of personification throughout this poem, using it to describe the chainsaw as a snarling dangerous animal, but also its victim, the pampas grass.. This large plant is located somewhere in the speaker’s yard and he’s determined to use his very angry chainsaw to destroy it.. ‘ Chainsaw Versus the Pampas Grass’ by Simon Armitage is made up of eight stanzas of irregular lengths.. Armitage makes use of several poetic techniques in ‘Chainsaw Versus the Pampas Grass’.. It powers the entire narrative as the very animal, and sometimes human, seeming chainsaw goes up against the pampas grass.. For example, “double doors” in line two of the second stanza and “blur of the blade” in line four of the fifth stanza.. The fourth stanza of ‘Chainsaw Versus the Pampas Grass’ is only five lines long.. As the title states, the chainsaw is up against the “pampas grass with its ludicrous feathers”.. The fifth stanza opens with a metaphor comparing the chainsaw to a sledgehammer and the pampas grass to a nut it opened.. The last lines of this stanza allude to an upcoming change in the speaker’s ability to defeat this plant.. The seventh and eighth stanzas of ‘Chainsaw Versus the Pampas Grass’ are shorter.. In the final stanza of ‘Chainsaw Versus the Pampas Grass,’ the speaker describes the anger, the chainsaw felt over being defeated.